Photo courtesy of John Smith D.M.D. of Helena Family Dentistry
A calm, sunny afternoon . . .
Temperature . . .
According to The Physics of Baseball by Robert K. Adair, a baseball hit 400 feet when the temperature is 45 degrees F would travel 416 feet if the temperature were 85 F (about 4 feet farther for every 10 degrees F warmer).
Another consideration is the affect that warmer temperatures had on the ball. The air inside the football was also very warm, so this would have provided good pressure. To get the same pressure on a cold day would have required pumping more air into the ball, which would have made the ball slightly heavier. Furthermore, the leather and rubber of the warmer ball had better elasticity than they would have on a cold day.
Elevation . . .
CLICK HERE to try an interactive home run animation. Set the speed at 125 and the angle at 45.
Great Montana Kickers . . .
Update: After a stellar career with the University of Montana Grizzlies, Dan Carpenter moved on to the NFL. In the summer of 2008 he was named as the starting field goal kicker for the Miami Dolphins! In his second season with the Dolphins (2009-2010) Dan was named to the Pro-Bowl, becoming the second Helena High graduate to earn the honor. Pat Donavon (HHS Class of '71) was an all-pro offensive tackle for the Cowboys in the early 1980's. During the summer 2013 Dan was released by the Dolphins, and then on September 3rd he became the kicker for the Buffalo Bills.
Trivia . . .
Terms: friction, pressure
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Earth Science Teacher at Helena High School